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PAVARD Samuel

MNHN, Musée de l’Homme, 17 Place du Trocadéro

par Pavard Samuel - publié le , mis à jour le

This page in English

PNG - 6.6 Mo

Statut : Enseignant-chercheur, MNHN

Contact :samuel.pavard[@]mnhn.fr

Research Team : Evolutionary Anthropology

Main research interest :

I am interested in the evolution of demographic traits (also called life-history traits in ecology) in humans. More precisely, I try to understand (i) the biological and cultural determinants of such traits and how/why they vary over time and between populations, (ii) how these demographic traits influence population dynamics and set the “ecological theater stage” on which evolution operates, and (iii) how they have evolved during human history. My research focuses mainly on two aspects :

- The investigation of the coevolution of life-history and sociality (in the ecological sense) in our species.

- To study of the evolution of senescence in our species : Why do we age ? At what pace ? Do all functional systems age at the same pace ? What are the social drivers of - and the constraints on - senescence ?

Main Teaching :

  • Biodemography - 27hrs, ’Cours Muséum’ for Master 2 (3ECTS) and PhDs (usually in November)
  • Dynamique des populations et évolution des traits d’histoire de vie - applications de modèles matriciels (with Alexandre Robert), 24 hrs, Teaching of the Doctoral School 227 (usually in May)
  • Master 2 - Human Evolutionary Genetics (resp. E.Heyer & L. Quitana-Murci), Cours Muséum-Paris 7 (3 hrs)
  • Master 2 - Génétique et Evolution (resp. D. Casane), Magister de génétique de Paris 7 (3 hrs)
  • Master 2 – QP29 (resp. F. Détroit, M. Friess, A. Balzeau), Spécialité Quaternaire et Préhistoire du Master Muséum (3hrs)
  • Licence 1 - Anthropologie Biologique (resp. S. Masi & T. Ingicco), Mineure Patrimoine, sociétés, relations Nord-Sud (PSRNS) de Sorbonne Université (6 hrs)
  • Licence 2 - Anthropologie Biologique (resp. C. Bon & A. Thomas), Mineure Patrimoine, sociétés, relations Nord-Sud (PSRNS) de Sorbonne Université (3 hrs)

PhD Students :

- Christophe Coste (with Frédéric Austerlitz) - The costs of reproduction in evolutionary demography : An application of Multitrait Population Projection Matrix models

- Goki Ly (with Raphaëlle Chaix and Frédéric Austerlitz) - Du système de parenté à la diversité génétique dans les populations humaines d’Asie du Sud-Est

Former PhD Students and Postdocs :

- Julie Landes (with Pierre-Yves Henry) - Compromis entre traits d’histoire de vie et saisonnalité chez un primate hétérotherme

Publication since 2017 :

  1. COSTE, C., AUTSERLITZ, A. & PAVARD, S. 2017. Trait level analysis of multitrait population projection matrices. Theoretical Population Biology, 116, 46-58.
  2. LANDES, J., PERRET, M., HARDY, I., CAMARDA, C-G., HENRY, P-Y. & PAVARD, S. 2017. Seasonal transitions : a major mortality risk for seasonal species. Ecology Letters, 20(7), 883–891.

Education :

2008 – Lecturer of the National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France

2005-2008 Postdoctoral fellow, Evolutionary Demography Team, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany

2000-2004 Ph.D thesis in Human Ecology and Demography, Musée de l’Homme, Paris, France. Subject : « Investissement maternel et survie de l’enfant:approche démographique, génétique et évolutive » (supervisor : Pr. E. Heyer).

Rewarded by the “Prix Bertillon de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris”, 2004).

1999 – 2000 Master’s Degree in Human Population Demography and Biology. Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. Subject : « Study of selective pressures on BRCA1 breast cancer susceptibility gene » (supervisor : Pr. E. Heyer).

1998 – 1999 Bachelor’s Honours in Cellular Biology and Biochemistry, University of Sciences, Angers, France. Internship in epidemiology- Genetics, Center of Cancerology, Paul Papin, Angers, France. Subject : « Determination of an optimal strategy to detect BRCA1 mutations by analyzing familial breast and ovarian cancer profiles » (supervisor : Dr A. Daver).


Full publication list  :

  1. COSTE, C., AUTSERLITZ, A. & PAVARD, S. 2017. Trait level analysis of multitrait population projection matrices. Theoretical Population Biology, 116, 46-58.
  2. LANDES, J., PERRET, M., HARDY, I., CAMARDA, C-G., HENRY, P-Y. & PAVARD, S. 2017. Seasonal transitions : a major mortality risk for seasonal species. Ecology Letters, 20(7), 883–891.
  3. CHANTEPIE, S., TEPLITSKY, C., PAVARD, S., SARRAZIN, F., DESCAVES, B., LECUYER, P. & ROBERT, A. 2016. Age-related variation and temporal patterns in the survival of a long-lived scavenger. Oikos, 125, 167-178.
  4. PAVARD, S. 2015. Pourquoi accoucher est-il si dangereux ?. In : HEYER, E. (ed.) Une belle histoire de l’Homme. Paris : Flammarion.
  5. ROBERT, A., CHANTEPIE, S., PAVARD, S., SARRAZIN, F. & TEPLITSKY, C. 2015. Actuarial senescence can increase the risk of extinction of mammal populations. Ecol Appl, 25, 116-24
  6. KRAUS, C., PAVARD, S. & PROMISLOW, D. E. 2013. The size-life span trade-off decomposed : why large dogs die young. American Naturalist, 181, 492-505.
  7. PAVARD, S. & BRANGER, F. 2012. Effect of maternal and grandmaternal care on population dynamics and human life-history evolution : a matrix projection model. Theoretical Population Biology, 82, 364-76.
  8. HEYER, E., CHAIX, R., PAVARD, S. & AUSTERLITZ, F. 2012. Sex-specific demographic behaviours that shape human genomic variation. Molecular ecology, 21, 597-612.
  9. AUBRY, L. M., CAM, E., KOONS, D. N., MONNAT, J. Y. & PAVARD, S. 2011. Drivers of age-specific survival in a long-lived seabird : contributions of observed and hidden sources of heterogeneity. Journal of Animal Ecology, 80, 375-383.
  10. BECKER, N. S. A., VERDU, P., HEWLETT, B. & PAVARD, S. 2010. Can Life History Trade-Offs Explain the Evolution of Short Stature in Human Pygmies ? A Response to Migliano et al. (2007). Human Biology, 82, 17-27.
  11. PAVARD, S. [book review] 2010. Substitute Parents : Biological and Social Perspectives on Alloparenting in Human Societies, vol 3. Human Biology, 82, 471-473.
  12. KOONS, D., PAVARD, S., BAUDISCH, A. & METCALF, C. 2009. Is life-history buffering or lability adaptive in stochastic environments ? OIKOS, 118, 972-980.
  13. PAVARD, S., METCALF, C. J. E. & HEYER, E. 2008. Senescence of reproduction may explain adaptive menopause in humans : A test of the “mother” hypothesis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 136, 194-203.
  14. PAVARD, S., KOONS, D. N. & HEYER, E. 2007. The influence of maternal care in shaping human survival and fertility. Evolution, 61, 2801-2810.
  15. PAVARD, S. & METCALF, C. J. E. 2007. Negative Selection on BRCA1 Susceptibility Alleles Sheds Light on the Population Genetics of Late-Onset Diseases and Aging Theory. PLoS ONE, 2, e1206.
  16. PAVARD, S., SIBERT, A. & HEYER, E. 2007. The effect of maternal care on child survival : A demographic, genetic, and evolutionary perspective. Evolution, 61, 1153-1161.
  17. METCALF, C. J. E. & PAVARD, S. [Letter] 2007. All paths to fitness lead through demography. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22, 563-564.
  18. METCALF, C. J. E. & PAVARD, S. 2007. Why evolutionary biologists should be demographers. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22, 205-212.
  19. PAVARD, S., GAGNON, A., DESJARDINS, B. & HEYER, E. 2005. Mother’s death and child survival : The case of early Quebec. Journal of Biosocial Science, 37, 209-227.